Category: Cognitive

Frames Of Mind: The Theory Of Multiple Intelligences

Format: Paperback

Language: 1

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 7.92 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

The field grew out of advances in Gestalt, developmental, and comparative psychology and in computer science, particularly information-processing research. The University Library contains over 1.7 million volumes and 16,000 journals, an interactive media center, and a state-of-the-art electronic library system. And in the INSTANCE-ATTRIBUTE case the place of the attribute in the hierarchy relative to the instance, predicted the time taken to verify the sentence. After that, a decision process (indicated by a diamond) determines if the sentence is too long.

Read more →

Learning and Language

Format: Paperback

Language: 1

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 14.78 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

There are a number of different forces that can impact how quickly a behavior is acquired, the strength of that association, and how long the effect lasts. Some patients seem to use a third route based on lexical access but with no use of the semantic system. General evidence for schemata There is considerable evidence in several different areas for the operation of schema-like knowledge structures (see e.g., Alba & Hasher, 1983; Graesser, Woll, Kowalski, & Smith, 1980).

Read more →

Strictly Stress: Effective Stress Management: A Series of 12

Format: Paperback

Language: 1

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 10.28 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

Social cognitive psychology is the encoding, storage, retrieval, and processing, of information about conspecifics. Network theory predicts mood-state dependent recall, mood congruity, thought congruity, and mood intensity. Geary argues, as have others (e.g., Bahrick & Hall, 1991; Stevenson & Stigler, 1992), that it is this difference in cultural support that accounts for the large difference in mathematics achievement between Asian and American children. We will examine how people acquire, remember, and use knowledge.

Read more →

Language and Action in Cognitive Neuroscience (Contemporary

Format: Paperback

Language: 1

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 13.80 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

All articles in this journal have undergone rigorous peer review, based on initial editor screening and anonymized refereeing by at least two independent reviewers. A therapy [developed by Aaron Beck] that assumes that our beliefs and perceptions influence our emotional responses. Theories of long-term memory used to be rather limited, focusing mainly on recall and recognition. TABLE 9.3 Part of the original War of the Ghosts story and one subject’s subsequent recall of it (from Bartlett, 1932) The War of the Ghosts One night two young men from Edulac went down the river to hunt seals, and while they were there it became foggy and calm.

Read more →

Commemorating War: The Politics of Memory (Memory &

Format: Paperback

Language: 1

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 11.56 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

While we tend to take abilities such as attention and problem solving for granted, perhaps because they are so woven into the fabric of our everyday existence, cognitive disruptions can create havoc in multiple areas of an individual's life. There is a long tradition from Aristotle and the British empiricist school of philosophers (Locke, Hume, Mill, Hartley, Bain) which proposes that all knowledge is in the form of associations.

Read more →

The Cambridge Handbook of Multimedia Learning (Cambridge

Format: Paperback

Language: 1

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 7.47 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

Cognitive enhancement (e.g. memory, learning, decision making) using different intervention methods (e.g. physical exercise, electrical and magnetic brain stimulation and sleep); investigation of effects of brain stimulation on stroke and dementia patients; imaging methods such as eyetracking and EEG. The purpose of flowing consciousness is to allow information gathered and processed during directed attention to be stored in LTM. Its subsystems, the modules, are adaptations for solving recurrent information processing problems that arose in our ancestors' evolutionary environment.

Read more →

Language, Brain, and Cognitive Development: Essays in Honor

Format: Paperback

Language: 1

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 10.12 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

The base-rate information is that 999 people out of every 1000 do not suffer from the disease. I am a student of history and I firmly believe that a historical understanding will make us better scholars. Thus, simply finding that practice leads to automaticity does not indicate whether the same processes are being performed more efficiently or whether entirely new processes are being used. Cermak (1979) tried to apply the levelsof-processing approach to amnesia.

Read more →

The Continuity of Mind (Oxford Psychology Series)

Michael Spivey

Format: Paperback

Language: 1

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 14.19 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

Casual inspection of the world’s languages indicates there are significant differences among them. There are other cases of apparently successful performance of two complex tasks, but the requisite skills were always highly practised. Dissonance theory applies to all situations involving attitude formation and change. Findings showed that performance on one or both tasks were affected, whereas when tasks involved different systems performance was not affected. “A synthesis—an abstraction, chunk, or gist idea—is a neural pattern.

Read more →

Cognitive Rehabilitation: Group Games and Activities

Joan P. Toglia

Format: Paperback

Language: 1

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 14.52 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

A. (1998) External noise distinguishes attention mechanisms. During the 1980s and early 1990s, Dick adopted me into the Emory family. This is cognitive psychology, not counseling or clinical psychology. Cognitive psychology in its modern form incorporates a remarkable set of new technologies in psychological science. In 1925, their first daughter was born; in 1927, their second daughter was born; and in 1931, their only son was born. The rank order consistency of personality from childhood to old age: A quantitative review of longitudinal studies.

Read more →

Attention: From Theory to Practice (Human Technology

Format: Paperback

Language: 1

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 14.67 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

Patients with apperceptive agnosia perform worse than those with associative agnosia on tests involving matching and copying objects that patients cannot name (see Køhler & Moscovitch, 1997). Computational models have been constructed for many of these problems that simulate subjects’ behaviour. • From an evaluative standpoint, the strength of the problem-space approach has been its predictive success, but its main weakness has been the narrowness of the problem situations to which it has been applied.

Read more →