Category: Cognitive

Language and Equilibrium (MIT Press)

Prashant Parikh

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While these theories have been productive in advancing our understanding of the underlying anchoring process, they leave much to be desired in the interpretation of specific anchoring effects. All the Alzheimer’s patients showed a marked reduction in digit-span performance in the dualtask condition, but none of the normal controls did. The greatest problem with the theory is that amnesic patients sometimes fail to show intact performance on tests of implicit memory.

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Cognitive Science and Psychoanalysis

Kenneth Mark Colby

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This double dissociation is consistent with theories such as those of Dell and of Levelt et al. Newell and Simon used parallels to these basic ideas to characterise human problem-solving behaviour. So, you may say to yourself that you will never cheat on a test again, and this may aid in resolving the dissonance. Even among radical constructivists, positions vary and some theorists seem to be making philosophical claims about the nature of knowledge rather than empirical claims. During adolescent brain development, there is heightened activity in the reward system that orients teens towards risky behaviors.

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Cognitive Technology, Volume 113: In Search of a Humane

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It should be pointed out that Lucy and Schweder (1979) have shown that some of these memory results need to be questioned because the colour array previously used to demonstrate the influence of focality on memory was discriminatively biased in favour of focal chips. Chapters 11 and 12 contain accessible coverage of many of the topics discussed in this chapter. Visual perception is based on a divide-and-conquer strategy based on functional specialisation.

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Varieties of Presence

Alva Noë

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The project lasts throughout the year and, acting under the supervision of lecturers, you will be expected to take the initiative in designing and carrying out the research yourself, and completing a full research project report. As a first generation graduate of high school as well as college, Jalen has set the course for a new trajectory for her family and is an inspiration to many others. Graduate Programs in Psychology - Overview of various psychology graduate programs.

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Structure of Decision: The Cognitive Maps of Political

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In Proceedings of the 3rd Annual ACM Web Science Conference. Animal Learning and Behavior, 18, 347–52. Being located in an international city, UIC prides itself in welcoming students from every ethnic and racial group, religion, gender, sexual orientation, physical condition, and age. Nosofsky Among the most fundamental results in the area of perceptual classification are the “correlated facilitation” and “filtering interference” effects observed in Garner’s (1974) speeded categorization...

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Mathematical Principles of Human Conceptual Behavior: The

Ronaldo Vigo

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Because faculty research is multidisciplinary, graduate training crosses traditional with exposure to multiple methods and levels of analysis. ERPs provide more detailed information about the time course of brain activity than do most other techniques, and they have many medical applications (e.g., diagnosis of multiple sclerosis). Over 600 new citations, as well as revisions to every chapter, bring the text to the forefront of its field.

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The Psychological Science of Money

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It is concerned less with visible behavior and more with the thought processes behind it. Marc Breedlove, Michigan State University and Neil V. A very important event was the publication of Ulric Neisser's book, Cognitive Psychology, in 1967. In fact, it is very complex, and several processes are involved in transforming and interpreting sensory information. This process is illustrated through the "cognitive triad of depression." ... However, there may be some exceptions, such as absent-minded professors who focus on their own profound inner thoughts rather than on the world around them.

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Everyday Music Listening: Absorption, Dissociation and

Ruth Herbert

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It is hard now not to think of a Turing machine as a computer program, and the mechanical task of interpreting and obeying the program as what the computer itself does. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed. Two valid inferences that can be made using conditionals are: modus ponens and modus tollens. Booth wrote that, "Harry Harlow and his colleagues go on torturing their nonhuman primates decade after decade, invariably proving what we all knew in advance—that social creatures can be destroyed by destroying their social ties."

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Imagery and Cognition

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This intuition defines the self-reference effect. Any A-level subject requirements are listed above. In the course of reviewing each theory we outline some of the supportive evidence that has been garnered for that specific theoretical approach. This is not to say that short-term memory (or other proposed players in memory processes, such as working memory) never comes into play. It is thus possible that individual differences in pilots’ landing abilities reflect their sensitivity to tau.

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An Empirical Study of the Relationship Between

Timothy T. Campbell

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His father, Arthur Piaget, was a professor of medieval literature with an interest in local history. IB Cognitive Level of Analysis processes include perception, thinking, problem solving, memory, language and attention. She is Full Professor of psychology at University of Waterloo, and was previously the Associate Chair for Undergraduate Studies in Psychology at the University of Waterloo. It is difficult to find patients with damage to only one system because, “in the large majority of amnesic cases both the hippocampal-anterior thalamic and the perirhinal-medial dorsal thalamic systems are compromised, leading to severe deficits in both recall and recognition.” Various views on this theory are provided in the commentaries that immediately followed the Aggleton and Brown (1999) article in Behavioral and Brain Sciences.

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